46,710,816 (2006 estimate)
603,700 sq km
Kyiv 2,611,000 (2001)
Population growth rate
-0.60 percent (2006 estimate)
GDP per capita (U.S.$)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 12.1 percent (2004)
Industry 36.5 percent (2004) Services 51.3 percent (2004)
Iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
Sustainable energy solutions for Ukraine
Capacity building for Ukrainian environmental NGOs in order to promote sustainable energy policy and increased school education on energy and climate issues. Activities include environmental education in schools, promotion of a new energy strategy and promotion of measures for increased energy efficiency.
National Ecological Centre Ukraine (NACU) / Ecological club “Eremurus”
+380 44 238 6260 / +380 44 468 7414
NECU is an umbrella for most of the environmental groups in Ukraine. It is recognized an organisation among the NGOs in Ukraine and are able to assist regional groups and coordinate effort from different groups. Although NECU never had an energy adviser before, they have relevant experience from working with climate issues and big infrastructure projects. Most of the local groups work on energy and climate related this project.
Erumurus is a member of NECU which has specialized on environmental education. They have implemented SPARE with big success and established good relations to educational authorities and other stakeholders.
Ukraine has some of the highest energy subsidies and highest energy intensities in the word. For years energy efficiency has been declared by Ukrainian authorities as a priority for energy sector development. However, actual progress in the field was extremely limited since most efforts were devoted to creation of institutional settings and potential projects databasing. New developments in Ukraine have raised importance of the energy security of the country and energy efficiency and renewables got new attention. However, there is a lack of understanding as to realities and possibilities of energy efficiency. It is being seen as a long term objective and does not get any support other than rhetoric. Thought to manage a traditional Soviet centralized type energy schemes, officials push forward development of even more energy production facilities.
The governmental energy strategy till 2030 put emphasis on nuclear energy and coal. At the same time it proposes to switch heating from gas to electricity and decrease electricity price for big energy consumers – actions which will decrease energy efficiency rather than increase it. There is a general impression among experts criticizing the policy that it will never be implemented. Instead, Ukraine will lose time and money trying to complete all the power plants and infrastructure planned, just to face the need of a different concept in five-ten years. Practical introduction of renewable sources and energy efficiency measures is limited as state focuses on production side and big production capacities. Main development in the field in 2008, partly as a result of our project, is the law on phase out of incandescent light in public buildings.