Du er her:


Official name
Republic of Belarus
9,724,723 (2007 census)
207,595 sq km 80,153 sq mi
Minsk 1,780,000 (2006 estimate)
Population growth rate
-0.06 percent (2006 estimate)
GDP per capita (U.S.$)
$8,100 (2006)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 11 percent (2004)
Industry 39.5 percent (2004)
Services 49.5 percent (2004)
Natural resources
Forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas.

Educational project SPARE and NGO involvement in Belarusian energy and climate issues

Partnership project between Ministry of Education, educational institutions and environmental NGOs for development of environmental education within energy and climate issues. Promotion of educational sector as pilot sector for energy saving.

Promotion of sustainable energy policy, increase the capacity on environmental issues, with focus on nuclear energy, climate, energy saving and capacity building.


EcoProject - yulia.yablonskaia@ecoproject.by
Center for Environmental Solutions - lobanow@gmail.com
Ministry of Education in Belarus
- kovaleva@minedu.unibel.by
International Sakharov Environmental University  - interdepart@mail.ru
Republican ecological center for children and youth  - recu@user.unibel.by
Radiotechnical college - ankuda@mgvrk.by

The current energy situation in Belarus has the potential of developing into a crisis for the country. Dependence on Russian energy can make the region unstable. Belarus has few national energy sources and depends on import, mainly from Russia. Belarus has inherited the Soviet style of energy management, with focus on large-scale heat and electricity production and central distribution of energy. Old and inefficient systems for production and distribution of energy are combined with very poor building condition. The energy consumption per GDP is 1.5-2 times higher than in the developed countries with similar climatic conditions and economical structure. Material consumption in the domestic manufacturing sector is also high. Secondary resources and production waste is used insufficiently.

Governmental subsidies for energy are high, and constitute very high expenses on the national budget. Climate gas emissions from the Belarus energy sector constitute almost 60 % of the total emissions. Local nature and population suffers from the energy production. Action will have to be taken in all sectors.

Lack of knowledge and awareness of the connections between energy, climate and environment is persistent throughout the society. Improved education is regarded as an important factor to raise awareness about this in all parts of the society. Education in Belarus has traditionally been very poor on environmental issues like energy and climate, and focus has been mainly on nature protection issues. NGOs can play an important role to promote education on sustainable energy in all parts of the society, but are not active on a sufficient level, as they lack knowledge, experience and financial resources to work. Århus convention gives now room for Belarus NGOs to take part in relevant processes, and there is space opening up for this within the educational sector that the NGOs now should get the possibility to utilize.

Artikkelen ble sist oppdatert: 07.10.2009


Belarus Forum 2009

The Belarusian green movement agrees upon a common environmental policy

03.11.2009 | Sist oppdatert: 03.11.2009

Belarusian environmental organizations have made a common resolution after the Forum of environmental NGOs of Belarus 2009. In this resolution the organizations agrees upon a common environmental policy which is a giant leap for the Belarusian green movement. The forum gathered 122 members from 59 organizations.


Real cost of nuclear energy in Belarus

03.11.2009 | Sist oppdatert: 03.11.2009

A new report showing real costs of the planned nuclear power plant in Belarus shows that energy efficiency and renewable energy is a far more economic attractive alternative than new nuclear power.

Lansering Spare Hviterussland

National educational project SPARE in Belarus launched

31.03.2009 | Sist oppdatert: 18.07.2011

In a unique partnership project Norges Naturvernforbund contribute to unite governmental and non-governmental organisations in a makeover for environmental education in Belarus. 26th of March SPARE was launched as a national project on energy and climate education in Belarus.

Improved NGO efforts on climate negotiations in Russia and Belarus

Improved NGO efforts on climate negotiations in Russia and Belarus


Norges Naturvernforbund has during 2008 had particular focus on strengthening of NGOs climate work in Belarus and Russia. In Russia, the reorganized umbrella organisation Russian Socio-Ecological Union (RSEU) has developed policy and inputs to the Russian position in the international climate negotiations in Poznan. They are now present in Poznan, and work actively towards their delegation.

Belarusian NGOs ready to fight climate change

Belarusian NGOs ready to fight climate change


With support from Norges Naturvernforbund, the alliance of Belarusian environmental organizations, Green Alliance, has started a national climate campaign in Belarus. The campaign started with a national climate seminar in Minsk the 2nd and 3rd of October 2008 where a total of 27 participants attended the whole seminar with participants from different regions of Belarus.

Norges Naturvernforbund at anti-nuclear workshop

Norges Naturvernforbund at anti-nuclear workshop


Norges Naturvernforbund co-organized a successful anti-nuclear workshop in Lithuania’s capital Vilnius last weekend. At the seminar NGO representatives from Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Scandinavia discussed plans for building new nuclear power plants in the region. The NGOs agreed to cooperate and to share information about their respective countries’ plans to build new nuclear power plants and to make a common strategy to fight this.

New project on energy saving and education in Belarus

New project on energy saving and education in Belarus


Norges Naturvernforbund establishes a new project on development of educational program on energy, climate and environment in Belarus. Main cooperation partner is the Ministry of Education of Belarus, but also Ministry of Environment, UNDP, NGOs and various educational institutions participates in the project. SPARE, the international program on education on energy, climate and environment of Naturvernforbundet, will serve as basis for the new program in Belarus.