7,262,675 (July 2008 est.)
Population Growth Rate
-0.837% (2007 est.)
GDP per capita
$11,800 (2007 est.)
GDP by economic sector (2007 est.)
agriculture: 8.1%, industry: 31.3%, services: 60.7%
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Seed money project for development of SPARE in Bulgaria
The main aim of the project has been to assess the need and possibilities for development and implementation of the educational project SPARE, establish a foundation for cooperation between the partners and prepare main application.
+359 29 431 123
The main challenge for the Bulgarian energy sector is the need for an urgent change in the priorities set out so far in official energy strategies. This requires a change in the outdated attitude among political decision-makers and the business sector that economic growth necessarily means the introduction of new fossil fuel-based energy generation capacity, inevitably giving rise to increased greenhouse gas emissions. Improving energy efficiency must be placed in the foreground of policy-making. According to official government data, Bulgaria is the most energy-intensive country in the European Union, 5-6 times less energy efficient than the average.
Bulgaria imports over 74% of its energy resources and is 100% dependent on Russia for petroleum, gas and nuclear fuel imports, with no current alternatives. The tendency to underestimate the considerable potential of renewable energy sources (RES) in Bulgaria continues. Accordingly the government continues to rely on the economically unviable and hazardous project to construct the new Belene nuclear power plant, new coal-fired power stations and large hydro power stations on the River Danube.