Decentralized energy in Mozambique
By establishing a Local Energy and Development Centre we will demonstrate how local communities can obtain increased access to energy services through awareness building, involvement of population and development of local sustainable energy solutions.
In Mozambique we support the regional non-profit, member-based NGOADEL Sofala, which aims to address absolute poverty through access to economic opportunities for the poorest and most disadvantaged members of society.
Norges Naturvernforbund has a particular focus on developing and dissemination of simple sustainable energy solutions. Energy efficiency and local utilisation of renewable energy sources are a key issues both for development and global environment. "As the traditional energy sources still will dominate the energy use for the major part of the population in the region in foreseeable future, the establishment of organisational and / or institutional instrument to facilitate a coordinated, effective and sustainable development of these sources must be supported" (Norad report 5/2007: Review and Recommendations on Norway's Role as Lead ICP for Energy within SADC).
ADEL regards improved energy supply as a very important tool for poverty reduction. In Sofala, access to energy is generally limited to firewood and charcoal. Electricity is non-existent in most areas and access to alternative energy sources is rare. Families, especially women, use daily several hours for collecting fuel wood. Further it is an increasing conflict over access to diminishing wood resources, between household use and production of charcoal for sale out of the community. New innovative systems therefore have to be piloted.
The district of Maringue has been selected to demonstrate how improved energy services could be supplied in a sustainable way in an in a less developed area. The area is located in a remote and not easy accessible area of Sofala and is one of the poorest districts of the Province, characterised by a low formal economical activity. The area was during the civil war the main base for the Renamo freedom party and was one of the areas most affected by the war.
The area is presently not a part of the future electrification plans for Sofala. However, the city has an old, but generally functioning generator, which provides electricity to the city from 18.00-22.00 in the evening.
ADEL has already activities in Maringue, including an established training centre that will be the base of proposed energy activities.
NNV will backstop ADEL in project development, monitoring and evaluation of implemented activities. We will contribute in development of materials, appropriate technology and methodology for sustainable energy systems and inputs to school educational and awareness activities. Three visits on site are planned. In addition the project will be coordinated with OVEs expertise and personnel, which also work and travel to the region on regional basis.
The objectives are to:
• Make energy services accessible to the poor and low-income communities
• Strengthen and support people’s initiative in negotiation with their local, provincial or national governments
• Establish an environmental friendly and sustainable energy supply on a long term basis for the community
The main output of the proposed activities is establishment of a Local Energy and Development Centre (LEDC) . It is based on involving the communities in the development process. People will be mobilised through the establishment of Energy Committees, which form the organisational basis of the centre. Planning, implementation and operation of the centre will, to a large extent, take place in the target area and with a high level of community participations. The centre will include an Energy Shop, Awareness and Information Centre and Local Community Energy Fund.
- An energy committee will be established with members that are elected by the rest of the community, and act on their behalf in discussions and decision-making processes that involve all aspects of local energy services and needs. It organises community discussions about local energy needs through meetings and workshops. It makes interlinkages between these energy options and other needs in the community like water, food and job creation.
- An energy shop will be established in order to make sustainable energy solutions accessible for the communities and at the same time it will make a fundament for future income to the centres.
- An information and education centre will be established and provide advice to individuals on energy issues and options for their household, production purposes, etc, offer energy education packages for the nearby schools, and will be the venue for meetings organised by local CBOs and NGOs.
* - A Local Community Energy Fund will be established and operate as an integrated part of the establishment of the Energy and Development Centre. The fund can provide grants for small-scale sustainable energy projects that demonstrate sustainable energy solutions to social and environmental problems. ADEL, with it experience from micro financing, will explore the possibilities to enlarge the fund and include micro financing.