|Official name Republic of Kazakhstan
Population 15,233,244 (2006 estimate)
Area 2,717,300 sq km
Population growth rate 0.33 percent (2006)
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $2,720 (2004)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 8.4 percent (2004)
Industry 39.5 percent (2004) Services 52 percent (2004)
Coal, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, chromium, tungsten,
uranium, petroleum and natural gas.
SPARE in Kazakhstan
Promotion of sustainable energy policy and school energy educational project SPARE.
+7 7212 911079
Ecoobraz was founded in 1998 and is an organisation working mainly on education, energy, climate and sustainable development. Ecoobraz has implemented several big projects in Kazakhstan, with support from among other GEF and Climate Care. Ecoobraz implement projects in 13 of the 14 counties of Kazakhstan. It has developed SPARE and practical energy projects with Norges Naturvernforbund through the last years. Special attention has been put on restoration of windows, which has a great potential in Kazakhstan. Ecoobraz has gradually become able to influence on national policies within efficient use of energy. Ecoobraz is located in Karaganda, and have good contacts with organisations both in Astana and in Alma Ata.
The Kazakh energy sector is heavily dominated by the fossil industry. Development and improvements within the energy sector has main focus within the fossil fuel sector and extraction of oil. There are few documents regulating the strategic issues in the field. National Strategy on effective use of resources and renewable energy is in the process of development at the moment. The Strategy of innovative and industrial development of the RoK was the basis for development of the Program of energy sector development main goals. These include creation of the optimal organizational, normative and legislative conditions for achievement of the energy efficiency and energy saving indices in 2009-2015 and creation and introduction of the progressive techniques, technologies and materials, providing qualitative improvement of effectiveness of energy consumption in economy and non-industrial sphere. A number of laws in different spheres of economy also aim on strengthening other sectors of economy, like new Taxation Code. Energy efficiency is low and actual progress in the field is very limited. Energy efficiency in public sector and housing is neglected, and even simple measures are not implemented. Kazakhstan is a cold country, with long winters and much wind. Schools and households suffer from lack of maintenance and proper measures. However, a new law on energy efficiency is expected to be approved in the parliament during spring 2009, which hopefully will improve the framework conditions for energy efficiency.
Artikkelen ble sist oppdatert: 07.10.2009