Improved stoves requested by Pamir villages

After demonstration various improved cooking stoves(ICS), Naturvernforbundet and the Nepalese stove expert Madhave Pokheral, has received request for more trainings from Pamir villages. The letters are followed by hundreds of signatures from the villagers. The Pamir mountain area faces an energy crisis. Fire wood is the main energy source for cooking, baking and heating. This has led to un-sustainable harvesting of the valuable mountain forest. The first presentation of ICS in Pamir was conducted in cooperation with the Tajik environmental organization Little Earth, the Norwegian exchange program Fredskorpset and the German technical assistance organization GTZ.
The typical Pamir family cooks on open fire during summer time and on simple metal stoves inside during winter time. In addition a out-door tandor-like stove is used for baking of the traditional breads. By using energy efficient clay stoves 20 to 50 % wood can be saved by a more efficient combustion process. I addition it is possible to have an all-in-one stove for combined cooking, baking and heating during the cold winter season.

During the workshop in the Pamirian town Khorog, several types of stoves was build and tested. With professional chefs the new and traditional stoves went through a real and important test, the suitability to make the national dish “plov”. The modified Nepalese designed clay stove was appointed best in show from the chef, as well as the audiences that followed the competition and tasted the result with great interest.

On a global scale 2,5 billion people depend on traditional use of bio-energy. Cocking is the main energy consumption in many countries, and energy efficiency is often low. By use of efficient stoves the wood consumption can be used substantially. This is a very important measure in order to reduce the burden on forests as well as time and cost related to collecting fuel wood.

Improved cooking stoves have been available for decades, but haven’t penetrated the marked in most countries. In Nepal the first efforts started already in the 1950s, but the implementation rate has escalated the last year’s trough joint efforts of NGOs and a national governmental program. In Tajikistan, on the other hand, traditional energy use increased since the independence from Soviet Union. In order to introduce improved cooking stoves and draw on existing experience, the Tajik organization Little Earth has invited a Nepalese stove master. The 15 mounts program includes also sending of a member of the organization to study in Nepal. This has been made possible through Naturvernforbundet and the Norwegian exchange program Fredskorpset.

During the summer two training of trainers programs are planned in Tajikistan, one in Pamir and one in central parts of the country. This will introduce local clay masters to the basic principles of improved cocking stoves. Besides introducing ICS to a new region, the project are innovative with its effort is made in order to develop stove models suitable for combining cooking, baking with heating during the winter mounts.

Clay stove under construction, for cooking, baking and heating

Khorog, capital of Pamir

Madhav from Nepal testing the new stove