Oil and Gas Nigeria

Commercial exploitation of oil in Nigeria commenced in 1958. The country holds a unique place regarding oil and gas activities in Africa. First, it is the largest producer of crude oil, at about 2.3 million barrels per day, when the oil fields are not riddled with violence. Second, the oil fields of Nigeria have become a metaphor for wanton environmental despoliation by the industry. The Niger Delta's oil history has been the bane of the region.

In an analysis comparing the practices of Shell oil company in Nigeria with international standards to prevent and control pipeline oil spills, Professor Richard Steiner of the University of Alaska observes that “Throughout  the 50 years of oil production, this ecologically productive region has suffered extensive habitat degradation, forest clearing, toxic discharges, dredging and filling, and significant alteration by extensive road and pipeline construction from the petroleum industry. Of particular concern in the Niger Delta are the frequent and extensive oil spills that have occurred. Spills are under-reported, but independent estimates are that at least 115,000 barrels (15,000 tons) of oil are spilled into the Delta each year, making the Niger Delta one of the most oil-impacted ecosystems in the world.”

Professor Steiner further noted that oil spills have a significant impact on the natural resources upon which many poor Niger Delta communities depend. Drinking water is polluted, fishing and farming are significantly impacted, and ecosystems are degraded. Oil spills significantly affect the health and food security of rural people living near oil facilities.

When crude oil is extracted it often comes with associated gas which must be separated from the crude to produce fine, export quality oil. In Nigeria this is largely done through burning the gas. Oil companies have burnt the gas since the early 1960’s and about 23 billion cubic meters are burnt annually. For communities next to gas flares, the toxic cocktail may have serious health impacts in the form of respiratory illnesses, asthma, painful breathing, chronic bronchitis, blood disorders, and cancer, among others. This burning of gas is also a major contributor to the stock of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

As the world scrounges for fossil fuels, more and more efforts are being expended on dirtier forms of oil. The entire Western region of Nigeria is rich in bitumen (from tar sands) and efforts are made to commence its extraction. Bitumen extraction is more environmentally intensive than crude oil, due to the open cast methods where the earth is simply ripped open for the mineral to be scooped. This, together with the method of using steam to melt the bitumen before extraction, will surely pose a great danger to the communities and their environments. There will be displacements of people, and associated impacts and rights abuses may be expected.

 

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OED nekter import av russisk atomkraft

Nei til import av atomkraft

14.08.2012

Olje og energidepartementet har i et brev til Statnett slått fast at import av kraft fra Kola atomkraftverk ikke er lov før de to eldste reaktorene er stengt. Brevet er referert i en artikkel i Teknisk ukeblad 9.august 2012.

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Miljøorganisasjoner advarer USA:

Nedrustningsavtale øker faren for atomforurensning i Russland

01.08.2012

Russland vil gjøre om atomvåpen til nytt brensel for landets atomkraftverk. Dette er en prosess som skaper mye radioaktivt avfall. Avfallsbehandlingsanleggene i Ural er allerede overbelastet og befolkningen er utsatt radioaktiv stråling og risiko for større ulykker.

Kola atomkraft

Nei til økt import av atomstrøm fra Russland til Norge og Finland

26.04.2012

Nye prosjekter for økt import av atomkraft fra Russland vil bidra til å forlenge levetiden til gamle og usikre atomreaktorer i Nordvest-Russland, og dermed redusere regionens miljøsikkerhet. Naturvernforbundet har denne uken sammen med russiske partnere drevet aktivt kampanjearbeid mot russiske krafteksport til Finland.

Nuclear transport

Brukt atombrensel skaper strid i Russland

31.01.2012

Brukt atombrensel skal fraktes fra Finskebukta til Sibir. Der skal det lagres i et midlertidig lager ved elva Jenisei. En ulykke kan føre radioaktiv forurensing fra Sibir via Jenisei til Polhavet og med havstrømmen vestover til Kola og Barentshavet. Radioaktiv fisk og sjømat kan bli resultatet. Russiske miljøvernere fordømmer flyttingen.

Aktivist

Nytt alvorlig overfall på miljøaktivist i Russland

03.01.2012

Aleksander Senotrusov, aktivist og styremedlem i Naturvernforbundets partnerorganisasjon Green World, ble i jula slått ned med balltre av maskert mann. Lederen i Green World mener overfallet kan knyttes til hans arbeid som miljøaktivist.

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Is the number of nuclear power plants growing?

28.11.2011

The nuclear renaissance has been a popular theme for articles during the last few years. The articles have focused on the supposed new growth of new nuclear plants. The term “renaissance” by the way means a “new birth” or a “re-birth”. -This is not true, says nuclear specialist Peter A. Bradford. -There is no renaissance for nuclear power.

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Joining forces to boost sustainable energy in Mozambique

25.11.2011

For the first time a national forum to promote sustainable energy is in operation in Mozambique. The forum unites more than 100 non-governmental organizations and academic and governmental institutions. In Mozambique sustainable energy development is vital to reduce poverty, environmental impact and health consequences from energy use.

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Bygg nytt atomlager

14.10.2011

Naturvernforbundet anbefaler at det må bygges nytt lager for høyaktivt atomavfall i Norge.

Helga_Lerkelund

Følg Helga i Tadsjikistan

06.10.2011

Naturvernforbundets Helga Lerkelund skal tilbringe det neste året i Tadsjikistan. Les mer om opplevelsene i bloggen hennes.

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Naturvernforbundet initiate efficiency improvements in Togo

Factor four increace in charcoal efficiency

19.08.2011

Better kilns double charcoal output and use of improved stoves cut consumption by half. Charcoal is main fuel used for cooking among the urban population in Togo. At the same time Togo is one of the countries with highest deforestation rate.

Kola atomkraft
Naturvernforbundet and Russian partners worried:

Official Russian report reveals safety problems at nuclear power plants

20.06.2011

A report from Rosatom reveals safety problems at Russian nuclear power plants. Russian and Norwegian environmentalists are disturbed over the report’s conclusions. - This looks even worse than we anticipated, but at least presenting these safety flaws is an important step, says Yuri Ivanov in Kola Environmental Center.

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