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Official name
Republic of Tajikistan
7,320,815 (2006 estimate)
143,100 sq km
Dushanbe 575,900 (2002 estimate)
Population growth rate
2.19 percent (2006 estimate)
GDP per capita (U.S.$)
$320 (2004)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 24.2 percent (2004)
Industry 30.6 percent (2004) Services 45.3 percent (2004)
Natural resources
Hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury,
brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

SPARE and energy in Tajikistan.

Practice and policy on decentralized energy, school energy educational project SPARE.


Little Earth

Little Earth works on different environmental topics, but has its main orientation towards energy, climate and education. Little Earth has during the past years built up important knowledge on decentralized energy solutions, and has implemented several pilot projects within this field. Their contacts with relevant stakeholders are also gradually developed, and Little Earth has gradually earned a position as an important national stakeholder within these thematic.

Tajikistan is the poorest country of Central Asia. The country suffers severely from unstable energy services. Eelectricity cut-offs are regular, and can last for days. Many areas get electricity supply only a couple of hours per day, and for example rural schools work without electricity for weeks and months. Only the biggest cities have district heating, which is not properly working.  Long power cuts in temperatures down to minus 30 affects also public sector as hospitals and schools.

Buildings are general in a bad condition. Insulation is mostly non-existent, and windows and doors have often wide open cracks. For the educational sector this result is very poor educational possibilities during wintertime. Even new buildings are built without the most elementary energy efficiency features. Traditional buildings from local materials are dominating in rural areas. It is a big potential for simple measures to improve the energy efficiency and earthquake resistance within traditional building construction.

The energy situation is closely linked with environmental and social situation. Tajikistan suffers from deforestation, as people harvest firewood in order to heat and cook. Lack of energy during wintertime make the schools close at a time of the year when kids have the best opportunity to attend education. During spring and autumn kids are often taken out of school in order to help their parents in the fields. As many Tajik males/fathers have migrated to Russia for work, this problem has grown worse during the past years.

Artikkelen ble sist oppdatert: 07.10.2009



Seminar on ICS stoves in Khusravi district of Tajikistan

19.01.2010 | Sist oppdatert: 10.06.2010

A practical seminar on energy saving cooking stoves was held in Nosiri village of Khusravi district. The event was organized by «Little Earth» environmental organization with the help from Norwegian Society for Nature Conservation. The main task of the practical training was to demonstrate new and more advanced clay stoves constructions for cooking.

Improved stoves requested by Pamir villages

Improved stoves requested by Pamir villages


After demonstration various improved cooking stoves(ICS), Naturvernforbundet and the Nepalese stove expert Madhave Pokheral, has received request for more trainings from Pamir villages. The letters are followed by hundreds of signatures from the villagers. The Pamir mountain area faces an energy crisis. Fire wood is the main energy source for cooking, baking and heating. This has led to un-sustainable harvesting of the valuable mountain forest. The first presentation of ICS in Pamir was conducted in cooperation with the Tajik environmental organization Little Earth, the Norwegian exchange program Fredskorpset and the German technical assistance organization GTZ.

Naturvernforbundet starts peace core project on ICS in Tajikistan

Naturvernforbundet starts peace core project on ICS in Tajikistan


In the beginning of February this year, the Norwegian Society for the Conservation of Nature (Naturvernforbundet) launched its first Fredskorpset (Peace core) project –on simple energy saving measures in households in Tajikistan. Energy saving will be achieved through improving cooking stoves (ICS). The projects goal is to transfer Nepalese knowhow on efficient stoves to Tajikistan, using expertise exchange between Nepal and Tajikistan. In February ICS expert Madhav Pokharel from Nepal started on his one year mission in Tajikistan, while Tajik NGO expert Jonona Bakieva has a one year assignment in Nepal that started from March.