Republic of Uzbekistan
447,400 sq km
Tashkent 2,133,300 (2000)
Population growth rate
1.70 percent (2006)
GDP per capita (U.S.$)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 31.1 percent (2004)
Industry 25.2 percent (2004) Services 43.7 percent (2004)
Natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium,
silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
SPARE in Uzbekistan
Energy activities and school energy educational project SPARE.
ADEK (Assosiation of children clubs) unites around 10 organisation working with environmental issues between children and youth, mainly in and around Tashkent. Through SPARE activities ADEK has established a network of schools and cooperation partners in all 12 counties of the country. Eremurus is an environmental organisation made for and by youth, with base in Tashkent. While ADEK do most work with the educational parts of the project, Eremurus has an active role in practical energy work and policy development within this issue.
Uzbekistan has taken a path of state-controlled economic development since independence more than two decades ago. State intervention remains considerable in many areas of the economy and has failed to generate robust economic development, and the country moves only slowly forward. Poverty decreased from 27.5% in 2001 to 25.8% in 2005, with the rural population suffering most from poverty. Uzbekistan has a great need for improvements in its energy sector, which is very clear in public and private sector. Building standard is very poor, and energy services unreliable. Some initiatives has already started on national level, for example has UNDP, the Ministry of Economics of Uzbekistan and the State Committee on Architecture and Construction of Uzbekistan initiated a process for development of a GEF project for addressing barriers for promotion of energy efficiency in public buildings.
However, the pace is in general is not in line with the challenges. It is a great need for involvement and promotion of a more sustainable energy sector also by civil society, which unfortunately is not an easy task. Organisations have mainly only foreign support to work for, and bureaucracy and political restrictions put tough restraints on the organisations efforts. To work on policy issues on a national basis is almost impossible for the organisations.